Ambloyphia (Lazy Eye)

GettyImages-182030507 Ambloyphia (Lazy Eye)

Ambloyphia (Lazy Eye) is the loss of vision of eyes that is not corrected by glasses.

  • This condition starts in childhood, more than one in 50 children have amblyopia
  • If not treated, it can cause lifelong vision loss in the problem eye
  • Most often results when a child has crossed eyes or eyes that don’t line up
  • One eye that focuses better than the other
  • One in 20 preschool children has an eye problem that could cause amblyopia
  • In the end, one eye becomes stronger
  • The stronger eye takes on more of the job of seeing while the weak eye is used less
  • If the problem is not treated the weak eye will be able to see less and less and vision gets worse
FINDING AND TREATING THE PROBLEM EARLY
  • Look for signs of lazy eye such as:
  • Favoring one eye
  • Tilting the head
  • An eye drifts or wanders when the child is tired, sick or in bright light
  • Your child tends to close one eye, especially in sunlight
  • Rubbing the eyes
  • Your child seems to blink too much
  • Your child holds things close to his or her eyes
  • Have your child’s vision checked one eye at a time
  • Remember treatment works best when lazy eye is found early
  • Child’s eyes should be checked shortly after birth, before starting school (age 3-4), and throughout the school years as needed
TREATMENT OF LAZY EYE
  • First the doctor must treat the cause of Amblyopia, Some common treatments include:
  • Glasses can correct focus or help eyes that are not lines up
  • Surgery on eye muscles can help straighten the eyes if other treatments don’t work. Surgery can help both eyes work together
  • Eye exercises may help the weak eye see better
  • Along with treating the cause, the doctor must help the weak eye grow strong again. Some ways to do so are:
  • Patching or covering the strong eye makes the “lazy” eye work harder
  • Your child may need to wear an eye patch for a few weeks or many months
  • Your child will have to visit the eye doctor regularly to see if the weaker eye is getting stronger
  • Patching works best in early childhood, but a doctor may recommend patching at any time
  • Medicines such as eye drops or ointment can be used instead of patching in some cases to blur the vision in the stronger eye
  • Glasses or contact lenses can also be use to blur vision in the strong eye, helping the weak eye work harder

***Regular eye care is important even when your child shows no signs of eye trouble***

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